What are Sexually Transmitted Diseases?

Sexually transmitted diseases, or STDs, are diseases that are primarily spread by sexual intercourse. Some common types of STDs include HIV, chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhea, and some types of hepatitis, syphilis, and trichomoniasis.

Sexually transmitted diseases are some of the most common contagious diseases. In fact, more than 65 million Americans have an STD that cannot be cured. STDs are serious conditions that require treatment from a medical professional.

Because there are many different types of STDs, there are a wide array of symptoms associated with STDs. These include:

  • Discharge from the penis, vagina, or anus
  • Genital or anal itching
  • Rash, blisters, sores, warts, or bumps around the genitals, anus, or mouth
  • Burning or pain during urination
  • Pain in the groin or lower abdomen
  • Vaginal bleeding
  • Painful or swollen testicles
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • And more

What Causes an STD?

STDs are most commonly spread through sexual contact, though they can be spread through damp or moist objects such as wet clothing, towels, or toilet seats. STDs can be caused by bacteria or a virus. Bacterial STDs include gonorrhea, syphilis, and chlamydia. Viral STDs include genital herpes, genital warts, hepatitis B, and HIV.

Individuals are at a higher risk of contracting an STD if:

  • You have multiple sex partners
  • You do not use a condom during sexual intercourse
  • You have sex with someone has multiple sex partners

How to Treat STDs

At Ultra Med Urgent Care, we offer RAPID in-house testing to detect STDs, without a referral. Bacterial STDs can be cured with antibiotics if treatment begins early enough. Viral STDs have no cure, but can be managed with medications. If you are given antibiotics to treat an STD, be sure to finish the entire dose prescribed to you, or the STD could return. In the case of HIV/AIDS, there is no cure, but antiretroviral drugs can be given to manage HIV.

If you think you may have an STD, contact a doctor or visit Ultra Med Urgent Care as soon as possible. STDs are serious illnesses that need to be treated by a medical professional. We serve patients in the Skokie and Evanston areas.